The Future of Farming & Agriculture

The Future of Farming & Agriculture

over the next two decades a technological wave will revolutionize the efficiency of farms all over the world it can't come soon enough by the year 2050 the human population will be nearly 10 billion which means we'll need to have doubled the amount of food we now produce this is an examination of the agricultural innovations coming down the pipeline that will help get us there the industry has undergone major developments over the last century 100 years ago farming looked like this today it looks like this and tomorrow it'll look something like this these changes have allowed many of us to do other things with our lives in 1900 about 11 million agricultural workers produced the food for 76 million people today just 6.5 million workers feed 320 1.4 million Americans two factors were most responsible for the surge in productivity engines and the widespread availability of electricity today the innovations on our immediate horizon include autonomous pickers UK researchers have already created one that gathers strawberries twice as fast as humans the challenge will be creating robotic Pickers that can switch between all kinds of crops robots or drones that can precisely remove weeds or shoot them with the targeted spritz of pesticide using 90% less chemicals than the conventional blanket sprayer for the organic farmer they could zap the weeds with a laser instead this could have a big impact the UN estimates that each year between 20 and 40 percent of global crop yields are destroyed by pests and disease tiny sensors and cameras will monitor crop growth and alert farmers on their smartphones if there's a problem or when it's the best time to harvest the bounty Rob can take a soil sample liquidize it then analyze its pH and phosphorous levels all in real time as a proof of concept for all this autonomous farming technology researchers at Harper Adams in the UK plan to grow and harvest an entire hectare of barley without humans ever entering the field companies like egg robotics have already commercialized software that analyzes drone captured infrared images to spot unhealthy vegetation then like a real-life game of sim farmer the grower is alerted on their vice when a troubled area is identified machine learning is regularly improving the system's ability to differentiate between varieties of crops and the weeds that threaten them not to be left out a company called Mavericks contracts 100 pilots to fly light aircraft that are outfitted with multispectral cameras on data gathering missions over large farms throughout the country for an even wider view planet Labs operates a fleet of cube SATs that take weekly images of entire farms from space to help monitor crops other companies are creating analytics software to act as farm management systems allowing growers of all sizes to deal with this new tsunami of data and the farmers Business Network combines data from many farms into one giant pool to give its members the power of macro level insights that have traditionally only been available to corporate mega farms vertical farms are essentially warehouses with stacks of hydroponic systems to grow leafy greens they're sprouting up in cities all over the world where fresh produce and land is scarce the key obstacle here is the cost of energy and the tall using a lot of it takes on the environment the upside is that artificial lights and climate-controlled buildings allow crops to grow day and night year-round producing a significantly higher yield per square foot than an outdoor farm for now though only expensive leafy greens like lettuce or herbs like basil have proven profitable in the vertical system and the jury is definitely still out on whether this is truly an environmentally friendly technique one possible solution is to use blue and red light wavelengths to optimize photosynthesis and turbo boost growth a technique tested by researchers at project growing underground and experimental farm operating in Old World War two bomb shelters underneath London another advancement in indoor farming is the open agriculture initiative which aims to create a catalogue of climates so temperature and humidity can be set to recreate the perfect conditions for growing crops that would normally come from all over the world locally instead this is an attempt to tackle the food miles issue when produce is shipped around the world it creates unnecessary co2 emissions just look at where a few of the items you'll eat today were cultivated to understand how big of a problem this is the millions of people entering the middle class every year in developing countries are demanding tens of millions of pounds of additional meat these ideas aim to get the most from every animal who would have thought fitbit's could be for livestock – cows are being fitted with smart collars that monitor if they're sick or if they're moving around more which is a sign of fertility researchers at Scotland's rural College are analyzing cow breath exhaled ketones and sulfides reveal potential problems with an animal's diet thermal imaging cameras spot inflamed utters to provide earlier treatment to combat a bacterial infection known as mastitis one of the costliest setbacks in the dairy industry 3d cameras quickly measure the weight and muscle mass of cattle so they're sold at their beefiest companies have even begun positioning microphones above pig pens to detect coughs giving sick animals the treatment they need a full 12 days earlier than before less antibiotics are used if fewer animals become ill first shorter lengths of time and the system of just three cameras developed by researchers in Belgium tracks the movement of thousands of chickens to analyze their behavior and spot over 90% of possible problems here's a stat that I found eye-opening consumption of farmed fish has now surpassed our consumption of beef and researchers are working to increase the types of fish that are raised aquaculture ists at the institute of marine and environmental technology in baltimore are developing an artificial eco system that mimics ocean conditions so that saltwater fish farms can be built inland this would allow millions of landlocked people to be able to enjoy fresh fish instead of consuming frozen fish grown or caught on the coast that have to be shipped thousands of miles and refrigerated trucks that use a lot of energy the most exciting thing about this experimental fish farm is that it's actually a closed system that creatively uses three sets of bacteria in different ways so it doesn't produce any waste and even powers itself this is the world's most sustainably produced fish it's the system is completely and fully contained there is zero interaction with the environment there is no waste it's zero waste goes back to the environment which is the big problem with aqua project today this revolutionary technique could be critical for saving species in the wild like rapidly depleting bluefin tuna populations without curbing the appetites of sushi lovers like me another ingenious approach from a company in California are proteinaceous fish food pellets made from the bodies of a bacteria that grow by consuming a combination of methane oxygen and nitrogen the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that two billion people consume insects as part of their diet bugs are among the cheapest most nutritious environmentally-friendly sources of protein so there's a growing movement to find new ways to incorporate them into food products that can be marketed in a way that doesn't gross people out some examples are protein powder and insect flour but even if insects never make it onto many of our plates they can still help us a lot as animal feed on the other end of the alternative protein spectrum is lab-grown meat in 2013 the first hamburger was made from muscle cells grown in a lab in the Netherlands followed by a meatball grown by a California company called Memphis meets these grabbed headlines but production costs need to come way down before will be buying synthetic meats in significant quantities it's better for the environment and we eat actually producing so that we can produce much more meat with much less resources so that we can feed the entire planet and we'll probably look back at this time as sort of barbaric that we still killed animals and used animals to such a degree for our meat consumption human survival on earth has by necessity driven us to use and change the world around us some of our most powerful innovations are aimed at solving problems we ourselves create as climate patterns change and human population rises the prospect of a global food shortage becomes increasingly dire it's a threat that even the deployment of millions of autonomous farmer BOTS would be unlikely to solve but where man-made machines may fall short bacterial machines may very well prevail bringing me to the technology that can continue to deliver the biggest increases in crop yield genetic modification scientific breakthroughs like CRISPR genomic selection and snips now allow single letters within a gene to be precisely edited unlike older methods of genetic manipulation like transgenic modifications that made uncontrolled alterations to large regions of DNA CRISPR a gene editing system repurposed from bacteria more closely mimics the process of random mutation this process is critical for environmental adaptation Darwinian natural selection and ultimately evolution while this fact alone may not placate the most passionate anti-gmo advocate highly precise techniques like CRISPR should help ease legitimate health and environmental concerns that have thus far curbed significant commercial investments but not everyone is sitting on the sidelines two large agricultural companies DuPont and Syngenta have used genome selection to develop to new drought tolerant strains of corn called aqua Max and artesian then there's the next gen cassava project led by Cornell University in partnership with research institutes all over Africa that aims to quote significantly increased the rate of genetic improvement in cassava breeding to unlock the full potential of the staple crop that's central to food security and livelihoods across Africa genetically improving the cultivation of other crops that haven't been modified yet could additionally lead to huge yield increases from millet and yams for example rice one of the world's most important crops has seen its yield plateau meaning that for years now the maximum amount that can be grown on say an acre of land has not increased the sea floor rice project a massive global collaboration between 18 biology labs spread across four continents is trying to change that their goal is to genetically engineer a new strain of rice so that its photosynthetic process works more like maize which would theoretically turbo boost its yield by 50% and of course it's not just crops pig lines for example are being altered to make them immune to an illness that costs American farmers 600 million dollars a year well it's hard to predict which of these developments will have the greatest impact on food production and we should be pursuing all of them the use of genetic technologies will inevitably prove essential for tackling what would likely be an insurmountable challenge sustainably doubling our global food supply the good news is that some of the world's most creative scientists engineers farmers and innovators are working on solutions for this problem even as you watch this video this piece was based on articles that recently appeared in The Economist and the journal Nature and our recent video on India's highway mega project led some of you to suggest other projects for us to look into your suggestions for video topics are always appreciated thanks for watching until next time for TDC I'm Bryce plank

35 thoughts on “The Future of Farming & Agriculture

  1. Permaculture design establishes diverse, stable, productive ecosystems that require less energy for more output over time. FYI production per acre can increase through a design approach to water harvesting and assembling soil building, mutually beneficial, diverse polycultures – in any climate. I wonder why it's not mentioned here? See:

  2. Stop quoting the UN…that is a socialist regime that should never have been created. It is also a entity that places people from women hating countries…into positions for women's rights….but their home country women have no rights….go figure

  3. Libtards, vegans and ecoterrorists all triggered by this video. GMO's, technology and the integration of our inovation into the environment will actually solve the problems, in a market society way. We already see profits from aquaculture and vegetables who heavily rely on transport, i.e gradually reducing the carbon footprint without needing govt regulations and crazy green new deal.

  4. GMO's have NOTHING to do with feeding the future, they have EVERYTHING To do with CONTROLLING the future. Playing god is the devil's work. Monsatan can go BACK TO HELL.

  5. It’s all going to kill us or destroy the earth more must go back to the original maybe it’s too late

  6. Hello, my name is Sidnei. I am a lawyer in Brazil and I work with agribusiness. We will keep in touch, because Brazil is very strong in this area and we can do great business. My whatsapp is +5511973521989 and my email is [email protected]

  7. Global precision farming market size is projected to reach approximately $9.60 billion by 2024 from $5.01 million in 2017 with a CAGR of 13.40% during the forecast timeline 2019-2024.

    Request a [email protected]

  8. Obama legacy should continue with gen x,y,z. His past accomplishments on infrastructure like getting technology aiding farm yields.From afar, I hope could continue with present and future presidential legacies, where We the People's will be done progressively. Just because we are under another administration doesnt mean we must cease being considerate of the poor, minorities, and marginalized now and then yesteryears and tomorrows. Stay true as if the all seeing and hearing eyes of God are about us along with the rest of world as we patiently trucewise hope for our biblically prophetic dead in christ,living remnant, and the rest of the dead additionally to arise… stay faithful in thesedays. And pray for our leaders near and far including God's faithful yet sinners like me. also please pray for my family who see thesedays me through a darkly lit perception. My dad wants to evict me away from his home where my mom is. I try to stay out of his case but his perception of me is warped and skewed for some demonizing reason. My pastor said intentions ought to be much weighed in dynamics of interactions with aggressors and nonaggressors.I might need advice and maybe court advocate next month and rest of days the Lord Jesus Christ has made. U know when a bro has a spiritual plank or beam in their eyes and no matter what you say or do they can see themselves nor point of verbal abusing direction towards me? That is my side/tad of spiritual struggle I am in. I am one who has no shame but care for much meekly. I will try praying with my church membership this last week of March and beyond over it. Peace, kudos Obama though. And prayers to those keeping the peace like me overseas in their families and near and far countries including Trump, Macron, or Putin, who know also what persecution spiritiually is like…we might not have Obama in office but those strides of his could have not been in a vacuum. Other world leaders around him stepped up and led along with Obama during his years like macron, british, hispanic, asian, and putin agreeing leadership and support. They might not agree too much with past and present Prez', but they care and still do on some level without Obama in the line up of responsibility for the people. Don't forget our progress and the recent peaceful strides near and far outcome in Syria thusfar. Marginal gains are gains , with relooming recession since 2007-2008, despite thrivings coattailed years of 'previous' economic investments by Obama & his administration and 'extra' market racial confidence in first two of 3 years of trump & his administration.. The violence getting to that point might be also argumentative. It begats itself but I hope we end the cycle of violence and poverty based ones… minds and perspective must change before one iota of true change overtime stays happened towards the will of the people, not tyrants' desperational aggression to prove their case. We have much to be grateful about in these moments. Most of past successes wasnt Obama in a vacuum, other nations did copperate and ought to still…trustingly. if they have offended one another. Patch up what needs to be patched up like N. KOREA relations or neighborly dynamics near and far have less chance in the wait being held in esteem in future presence of God's 2nd Coming arrival…[the witness that sees all knows all and almighty.] Our Jesus Christ isnt as blind as we might get. Keep your hearts and mouths cleaner family, including trump types needing support and guidance. Our pomp will be realized for what it is. Forgive one another each others trespasses and the Lord will forgive us in kind.

    Please Stay, keeping the Peace my fellow faithful from midwest to Mideast and those afar. I thank you for that birthday gift during trump days, Mideast going electric on initial levels of progress direction, at least it is an early bdaymonth surprise. Keep green peace golden by advancing better interrelations.

  9. Interedting.

    Just a point of fact. You don't kill weeds with pesticides, you use herbicides. Pesticides will do nothing to a weed. Funny how many videos I see where this mistake is made.

  10. Oh god I hope not. The future of our culture, relationships, and social well-being desperately needs a revisionist of our technological vector! I guess it depends on your definition of living!

  11. If we double our food production is that mean double food waste to? We don’t need more food just better distribution. Go organic and sustainable.

  12. We really have to stabilize the expansion of industries or else we will end up living in an industrial world.

    Agriculture is a major source, food is a necessity.

  13. we already have so many humans on earth and they all hate each other.. i suggest to start using condoms in advance

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