Rebuilding Family Farming: Response to 2015 Nepal Earthquake

Rebuilding Family Farming: Response to 2015 Nepal Earthquake


The earthquake came with strange sound. We were not sure what was coming.
It was shaking everything. Everyone were crying, shouting. We felt quite different, disoriented, did not know where we were. My family members, children, were not there around, everyone were not in the house. I was shaking here and there. I did not know what was happening. I thought I was dying. While running, I slipped down. It was a unusal experience. Even though we did not have experience in this (Humanitarian) sector, we decided to collaborate with different organizations for response to it and worked on it. We divided the Earthquake
response in three phases, and moved forward working
on those phases. We call it ‘Phased Approach to Rebuilding Family Farming’. Mainly, in the first phase,
food and shelter were distributed to the households
of 12 affected Districts. This programme was organized in
such a stage when the roads were damaged, and it was
monsoon. The transportation was also not easy. The programmes implemented by LI-BIRD are usually based on agriculture. The three phases of our programme was also based on agriculture. Though the first phase was based on relief, the second phase was on Livelihood protection. Using agriculture as a reference,
the phase was based on protection of livelihood by involving the
affected communities in agriculture. Please don’t just store it in the house. And, also, these are treated seeds. There is an information sheet inside. Please use it after reading the instructions. Some of them are found to be eating the seeds. Please do not eat the seeds.
The seeds are treated, and pesticides are used. Do you have pension or any other pernament job? No, no! Just agriculture. This is yours. Krishna Maya. The earthquake has done the damage. The one on 25 [25 April 2015] damaged a lot. The one on 26 [26 April 2016] was moderate. The one on 12 [12 May 2015] affected worse. There are still some coming. Our home’s condition is also not good. What can you do. When you search for it [earthquake] you
don’t find it, and you never want it. I received cowpea and blackgram. I will plant them along the edges of the field. I will plant them along the edges of the field. We plant it along the edges like this. The seeds stored are lost. Now it is good that it’s there. After grown, we will save some for seeds for next season and eat the left. We don’t have market nearby. Have to scatter and eat it. Hoping to save some seeds. It might grow within few days but
you have to harvest it in November. Ones learning to save their lives should also learn to save seeds. Please tell me your phone number. 9844… 9844 …44 …44 You will get beans and cowpea. Please grow it well. Sure I will. I have received wheat, pea, horse gram, broad leaf mustard, spinach, mustard, beans, etc. After earthquake, these are the vegetables grown. Haven’t been able to sell. Before, some were sold in Liping, some to resort. This time, haven’t sold any. It’s not like before in resort. And, Khasa is also closed. We will sell whatever we can. Again, for growing mushroom, we buy hay. We don’t have any hay now. The wheat we received it last year. Here we saved the seeds and cultivated. We call the third phase programme as livelihood promotion… which is the final phase
under rebuilding, after the livelihood provision and
livelihood protection phases. The phase aims to provide
continuous supports to the affected households through development project
in normal way for a long term. It is not just only about family
farming but also developing resilience and strengthening
the basis of livelihoods. This is how we worked. This programme was implemented in
six districts, Sindhupalchowk, Dolakha, Ramechap, Sindhuli, Khotang
and Okhaldhunga covering 86 VDCs. The programme was implemented with greater focus in Sindhupalchok and Dolakha. In those district, in addition to seeds,
farmers were provided awareness and empowerment on Disaster Risk Management, and
Community Based Disaster Management Plan. DRR [Disaster Risk Reduction]
activities were implemented to help them with the necessities
after the earthquake. In the programme implemented six districts, Joint Field Monitoring was organized
including the representatives of districts’ governmental and non governmental
agencies, NGO federation and media. We focused on further improvement of our programme receiving suggestions from them. Bringing livelihood to normal and also engaging. While we were visiting, it was seen potatoes or wheat were cultivated in different places. It shows that lives are moving on. It shows that we are heading towards normal life towards stability. We could see from the places that we visited, almost every one is benefitted. Even if the production quantities are less, but looking at the current situation, one is looking after one’s livelihood and producing for oneself, that itself is a big thing. Looking at the feedbacks of the beneficiaries, it
has been very productive and work is being done. We have seen and realized that. After earthquakes, there
have been many reliefs going on that has made our people
rely a lot on others. In such situation, you have involved
and engaged the people, even on very low investment, at their homes and
nearby to produce necessary materials. It is very commendable. If you put people’s need at the centre and collaborate with local authorities, the enthusiasm and joy seen
among the people will be more and will support to
develop Nepal as a whole. We would like to thank you for that. After the earthquake, drinking
water problem was one of the major problems faced by
most of the communities. Mostly, the old water sources pipelines were damaged. In some places, water sources also dried. So, there was need to address the issues faced by the communities. To help these communities, 24 community based drinking water programmes were organized. When LI-BIRD team came to Pangretar, we requested them to address the issue of drinking water. At first phase, they repaired there. Now, there are three new chambers built. There are taps now all repaired. It has been good for us. We hope it will be easier. The tank is also bigger than before. We hope it will be enough
for all of us as it is closed during night and also
it has larger capacity. More than 80 households drink this water. School, Campus, Health Office and Village Development Committee, they also use this water. For transparency of this programme, we have publicly presented
our programme and budget to the district and VDC
from the very beginning. We also organized Public Hearings
and Social Audits through third party, with participation of all
relevant stakeholders and agencies. We conducted them especially including all VDCs of Sindupalchowk and Dolakha. For example, we, normal
citizens, were given information such as the price, quantity and the distribution mechanism of potato. This kind of programme has happened for the first time in the history of Lishankhu. The main lesson that LI-BIRD learned through this programme is reflected in LI-BIRD’s new five years research and development strategy.

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