How Farmers Along The Mississippi Are Affected By Climate Change | NBC News Now

How Farmers Along The Mississippi Are Affected By Climate Change | NBC News Now


NEWS THAN ANY OTHER NEWS ORGANIZATION IN THE WORLD. ORGANIZATION IN THE WORLD.>>>HISTORIC FLOODS CAUSED MAJOR>>>HISTORIC FLOODS CAUSED MAJOR DAMAGE IN THE MIDWEST. DAMAGE IN THE MIDWEST. THE WEATHER IMPACTED CITIES, THE WEATHER IMPACTED CITIES, TOWNS AND FARMS ALONG THE TOWNS AND FARMS ALONG THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER. MISSISSIPPI RIVER. WE TALKED TO FARMERS IMPACTED BY WE TALKED TO FARMERS IMPACTED BY THIS AND THE MAYOR OF THIS AND THE MAYOR OF GREENVILLE, MISSISSIPPI. GREENVILLE, MISSISSIPPI.>>THE SCIENTISTS AT THE>>THE SCIENTISTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MISSISSIPPI BELIEVE IN CLIMATE MISSISSIPPI BELIEVE IN CLIMATE CHANGE. CHANGE. THEY BELIEVE IN SEA LEVEL RISE. THEY BELIEVE IN SEA LEVEL RISE. THEY’RE DOING RESEARCH ON THOSE THEY’RE DOING RESEARCH ON THOSE TOPICS THAT SAY, WE BELIEVE THAT TOPICS THAT SAY, WE BELIEVE THAT CLIMATE CHANGE IS IMPACTING. CLIMATE CHANGE IS IMPACTING. MORE STORMS, MORE RAINFALL IN MORE STORMS, MORE RAINFALL IN CERTAIN AREAS. CERTAIN AREAS. WILL IT CONTINUE? WILL IT CONTINUE? IS THIS A CYCLE? IS THIS A CYCLE? THAT’S SOMETHING WE WILL HAVE TO THAT’S SOMETHING WE WILL HAVE TO WAIT AND WATCH. WAIT AND WATCH.>>NOT TO BE REDUNDANT, BUT HOW>>NOT TO BE REDUNDANT, BUT HOW IS THE RIPPLE AFFECT FROM IS THE RIPPLE AFFECT FROM CLIMATE CHANGE? CLIMATE CHANGE? WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT ALL THAT I WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT ALL THAT I MENTIONED, HOW IS THAT AFFECTING MENTIONED, HOW IS THAT AFFECTING FOLKS ON THE FRONT LINES SUCH AS FOLKS ON THE FRONT LINES SUCH AS YOURSELF? YOURSELF?>>IT AFFECTS ALL OF US.>>IT AFFECTS ALL OF US. IT IT IT AFFECTS US BECAUSE WE’RE IN IT AFFECTS US BECAUSE WE’RE IN THE WATER. THE WATER. IT AFFECTS THE FISHERMEN. IT AFFECTS THE FISHERMEN. IT AFFECTS SHRIMPERS. IT AFFECTS SHRIMPERS. IT AFFECTS THE PERSON RUNNING A IT AFFECTS THE PERSON RUNNING A HOTEL. HOTEL. IT AFFECTS RESTAURANTS. IT AFFECTS RESTAURANTS. IT’S NOT JUST HERE ON THE COAST. IT’S NOT JUST HERE ON THE COAST. YOU CAN SEE IT HAPPENING UP THE YOU CAN SEE IT HAPPENING UP THE WATERSHED AS WELL. WATERSHED AS WELL. ALL THAT WATER IS AFFECTED ALL THAT WATER IS AFFECTED BUSINESSES AND HOMES AND BUSINESSES AND HOMES AND FAMILIES AND FARMERS. FAMILIES AND FARMERS.>>IS THERE ANY QUESTION IN YOUR>>IS THERE ANY QUESTION IN YOUR MIND AT ALL THAT WHAT WE’RE MIND AT ALL THAT WHAT WE’RE SEEING HERE IS THE RESULT OF SEEING HERE IS THE RESULT OF CLIMATE CHANGE? CLIMATE CHANGE?>>THERE’S NO QUESTION AT ALL.>>THERE’S NO QUESTION AT ALL. WHEN YOU HAD THREE FLOODS FROM WHEN YOU HAD THREE FLOODS FROM 2011, 2016 AND 2019 AND FROM 200 2011, 2016 AND 2019 AND FROM 200 2000200 2000200 2005 $2 BILLION IN DAMAGE, IT’S 2005 $2 BILLION IN DAMAGE, IT’S NO DOUBT THAT CLIMATE CHANGE IS NO DOUBT THAT CLIMATE CHANGE IS VERY REAL. VERY REAL.>>WE HEARD THE INTERVIEW WITH>>WE HEARD THE INTERVIEW WITH FARMERS. FARMERS. WHAT ABOUT PEOPLE NOT IN THE WHAT ABOUT PEOPLE NOT IN THE REGION? REGION? ARE RESIDENTS FARTHER AWAY ARE RESIDENTS FARTHER AWAY AFFECTED IN A SIGNIFICANT WAY? AFFECTED IN A SIGNIFICANT WAY?>>THANK YOU FOR HAVING ME.>>THANK YOU FOR HAVING ME. CERTAINLY. CERTAINLY. YOU HEARD FROM ONE OF THE PEOPLE YOU HEARD FROM ONE OF THE PEOPLE AFFECTED. AFFECTED. SHE’S AN OYSTER FARMER. SHE’S AN OYSTER FARMER. I’M IN THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA. I’M IN THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA. YOU CAN SEE THE MISSISSIPPI YOU CAN SEE THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER. RIVER. IT BEGINS WHEN YOU HAVE RECORD IT BEGINS WHEN YOU HAVE RECORD LEVELS OF RAIN, RECORD LEVELS OF LEVELS OF RAIN, RECORD LEVELS OF FLOODING. FLOODING. IT FLOWS SOUTH TOWARDS NEW IT FLOWS SOUTH TOWARDS NEW ORLEANS. ORLEANS. TO PROTECT THESE CITIES, THEY TO PROTECT THESE CITIES, THEY OPEN SPILLWAYS. OPEN SPILLWAYS. THEY HAVE THE FRESH WATER WHICH THEY HAVE THE FRESH WATER WHICH ISN’T FRESH. ISN’T FRESH. IT’S FULL OF FERTILIZER, INSECT IT’S FULL OF FERTILIZER, INSECT INSECTICIDE INSECTICIDE INSECTICIDES. INSECTICIDES. IT SEEPS INTO THE GULF COAST. IT SEEPS INTO THE GULF COAST. BECAUSE YOU HAVE THAT, IT GOES BECAUSE YOU HAVE THAT, IT GOES IN, ALL OF THOSE SEA LIFE THAT IN, ALL OF THOSE SEA LIFE THAT RELIES ON SALTY WATER, THEY GET RELIES ON SALTY WATER, THEY GET THE FRESH WATER. THE FRESH WATER. THEY GET SORES, LESIONS, THEY GET SORES, LESIONS, INFECTIONS. INFECTIONS. THE WATER IS WARMER AND WE HAVE THE WATER IS WARMER AND WE HAVE ALGAE BLOOMS. ALGAE BLOOMS. ALL THOSE FOLKS, WHEN THEY HAD ALL THOSE FOLKS, WHEN THEY HAD THE INFLUX OF THE SO-CALLED THE INFLUX OF THE SO-CALLED FRESH WATER, THEY LOST 90% OF FRESH WATER, THEY LOST 90% OF THEIR OYSTERS. THEIR OYSTERS. PEOPLE WHO MAKE THEIR LIVELIHOOD PEOPLE WHO MAKE THEIR LIVELIHOOD OFF THE WATER — I SPOKE TO A OFF THE WATER — I SPOKE TO A RIVER BOAT CAPTAIN WHO IS A RIVER BOAT CAPTAIN WHO IS A THIRD GENERATION. THIRD GENERATION. HE TELLS HIS SONS, DON’T GET IN HE TELLS HIS SONS, DON’T GET IN THE BUSINESS. THE BUSINESS. PEOPLE DON’T WANT TO ENJOY THE PEOPLE DON’T WANT TO ENJOY THE WATER BECAUSE THEY HAVE LESIONS WATER BECAUSE THEY HAVE LESIONS AND ALGAE BLOOMS. AND ALGAE BLOOMS. IT’S ROUGH. IT’S ROUGH. WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT THE WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT THE MISSISSIPPI, YOU HAVE TO THINK MISSISSIPPI, YOU HAVE TO THINK ABOUT THE LENGTH AND THE ENTIRE ABOUT THE LENGTH AND THE ENTIRE RIVER SHED COULD HAVERRIDOR. RIVER SHED COULD HAVERRIDOR.>>IT SOUNDS LIKE AN ENORMOUS>>IT SOUNDS LIKE AN ENORMOUS STANDARD FOR THOSE CREATURES STANDARD FOR THOSE CREATURES TRYING TO SURVIVE IN THE SEA. TRYING TO SURVIVE IN THE SEA. WHAT ARE THOSE COMMUNITIES AND WHAT ARE THOSE COMMUNITIES AND THOSE PEOPLE DOING TO TRY TO THOSE PEOPLE DOING TO TRY TO FIGHT THESE EXTREME WEATHER FIGHT THESE EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS? EVENTS? IT SEEMS LIKE A VERY BIG BATTLE IT SEEMS LIKE A VERY BIG BATTLE TO FIGHT. TO FIGHT. WE KNOW THESE START WITH LITTLE WE KNOW THESE START WITH LITTLE THINGS. THINGS.>>YOU WOULD IMAGINE THERE WOULD>>YOU WOULD IMAGINE THERE WOULD BE MORE OF A BATTLE THAN WE ARE BE MORE OF A BATTLE THAN WE ARE SEEING. SEEING. WE ARE HERE IN MISSISSIPPI. WE ARE HERE IN MISSISSIPPI. MANY FOLKS AREN’T ACKNOWLEDGING MANY FOLKS AREN’T ACKNOWLEDGING CLIMATE CHANGE IS A THING. CLIMATE CHANGE IS A THING. WHEN YOU GET DOWN TO THE WHEN YOU GET DOWN TO THE BACKWOOD AREA, THE DELTA, BACKWOOD AREA, THE DELTA, THERE’S A DEBATE OVER ADDING THERE’S A DEBATE OVER ADDING THESE MASSIVE PUMPS THAT MIGHT THESE MASSIVE PUMPS THAT MIGHT GET SOME OF THE WATER OUT OF THE GET SOME OF THE WATER OUT OF THE FARMLAND. FARMLAND. STUDIES HAVE SHOWN YOU ONLY STUDIES HAVE SHOWN YOU ONLY ALLEVIATE 25% OF THE FLOODING. ALLEVIATE 25% OF THE FLOODING. THE BIG ISSUE IS PEOPLE ARE THE BIG ISSUE IS PEOPLE ARE LIVING IN PLACES WHERE WE LIVING IN PLACES WHERE WE PROBABLY SHOULDN’T BE LIVING. PROBABLY SHOULDN’T BE LIVING. BECAUSE WE ARE IN THE DELTA AND BECAUSE WE ARE IN THE DELTA AND THIS IS THE RIVER SHED AREA, THIS IS THE RIVER SHED AREA, IT’S LUSH, REALLY FERTILE LAND. IT’S LUSH, REALLY FERTILE LAND. RIGHT NOW, PEOPLE ARE TRYING TO RIGHT NOW, PEOPLE ARE TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHAT TO DO. FIGURE OUT WHAT TO DO. PEOPLE ARE STARTING TO PUT PEOPLE ARE STARTING TO PUT PRESSURE ON POLITICIANS, NOT PRESSURE ON POLITICIANS, NOT ONLY ACKNOWLEDGE CLIMATE CHANGE ONLY ACKNOWLEDGE CLIMATE CHANGE IS A THING, BUT ULTIMATELY DO IS A THING, BUT ULTIMATELY DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT. SOMETHING ABOUT IT. AS OF RIGHT NOW, THERE’S NOT AS OF RIGHT NOW, THERE’S NOT MUCH FOLKS CAN DO WHEN YOU HAVE MUCH FOLKS CAN DO WHEN YOU HAVE THESE ONCE IN A LIFETIME FLOODS THESE ONCE IN A LIFETIME FLOODS HAPPENING AS THE MAYOR OF HAPPENING AS THE MAYOR OF GREENVILLE SAID EVERY FEW YEARS. GREENVILLE SAID EVERY FEW YEARS.>>I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THAT>>I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THAT LEAVES PEOPLE FEELING DEFEATED. LEAVES PEOPLE FEELING DEFEATED. IF WE’RE NOT ADDRESSING THE IF WE’RE NOT ADDRESSING THE PROBLEM, IF PEOPLE AREN’T TAKING PROBLEM, IF PEOPLE AREN’T TAKING STEPS TO CORRECT IT, ARE PEOPLE STEPS TO CORRECT IT, ARE PEOPLE JUST — YOU REFERENCED ONE MAN JUST — YOU REFERENCED ONE MAN WHO SAID TO HIS SON, DON’T WHO SAID TO HIS SON, DON’T BOTHER GETTING INTO THE BOTHER GETTING INTO THE BUSINESS. BUSINESS. DO PEOPLE THERE FEEL LIKE THEY DO PEOPLE THERE FEEL LIKE THEY DON’T HAVE MUCH HOPE FOR A DON’T HAVE MUCH HOPE FOR A FUTURE? FUTURE?>>IF NOTHING CHANGES, FOLKS SAY>>IF NOTHING CHANGES, FOLKS SAY THE WORST IS YET TO COME. THE WORST IS YET TO COME. PEOPLE ARE STARTING TO LISTEN. PEOPLE ARE STARTING TO LISTEN. IT’S AFFECTING POCKETBOOKS. IT’S AFFECTING POCKETBOOKS. WHEN THEY DON’T TRUST EATING THE WHEN THEY DON’T TRUST EATING THE SEAFOOD, YOU HAVE DOLPHINS SEAFOOD, YOU HAVE DOLPHINS FLOATING AROUND, NO ONE WANTS TO FLOATING AROUND, NO ONE WANTS TO BRING THEIR CHILD TO THE RIVER BRING THEIR CHILD TO THE RIVER AND SEE THAT. AND SEE THAT. PEOPLE ARE STARTING TO LISTEN. PEOPLE ARE STARTING TO LISTEN. IF WE DON’T DO SOMETHING SOON TO IF WE DON’T DO SOMETHING SOON TO ADDRESS THIS, IT’S ONLY GETTING ADDRESS THIS, IT’S ONLY GETTING WORSE. WORSE. AS OUR ENVIRONMENT GETS WARMER AS OUR ENVIRONMENT GETS WARMER AND THE CLIMATE GETS HOTTER, AND THE CLIMATE GETS HOTTER, MORE RAIN, MORTARE TORRENTIAL MORE RAIN, MORTARE TORRENTIAL DOWNPOURS. DOWNPOURS.>>THANKS.

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