BELL PEPPER | How Does it Grow?

BELL PEPPER | How Does it Grow?


Here’s a tale of two peppers: the green
one costs half the price of the red, but here’s the thing: they’re the same
peppers – seriously! So why are you paying double for red? To answer that, we have to answer this: Pepper – How Does It Grow? Now, all peppers start out green – at this
stage, they’re mature but not yet ripe. It’s like a green tomato before it turns
red. Its sugars aren’t fully developed. The red, yellow, and orange bell peppers
you buy in the store are all different varieties that have been bred to fully
ripen at those colors. Bell peppers are great sources of vitamins A, B6 and C. But
yellow peppers pack about three times more vitamin C than Reds. In this episode, I’m following the story
of the red bell pepper. It takes three to four weeks, for a pepper to go from green to chocolate color to finally red. Each week, caring for it gets riskier. Translation: more expensive… See, red peppers are super sensitive to extremes – like a sudden heavy rain, or a sharp temperature dip. That’s why most are grown in warm climates, like California or Florida. New Jersey is a top producing
state for green peppers. In South Jersey, there’s one farmer left growing Reds in open fields – that’s Bob Muth, a legend among farmers. His secret is in the soil. Bob nourishes
the land for three years before planting peppers or any crop on that plot. How does he do this? For starters, he uses leaf compost in place of chemical
fertilizer. Nicole: So this is just…just leaves from people’s backyard…? (Bob): Yep. (Nicole): Oh it’s so warm… As the leaves break down, they add rich organic matter to the soil. This supplies vital nutrients to Bob’s crops. (Bob): You have to be in it – not for the here and now – you have to think longer term, and the next generation… Many farmers are fertilizing
the crop daily or weekly, through the irrigation system. And it’s almost as if
the crop is treated like a junkie on cocaine. We’re letting the soil feed the crop. You want to leave the land in better condition that when you took it on. When the soil is ready, Bob transplants the seedlings he’s grown in the greenhouse. Yes – it all starts from those
tiny seeds inside your pepper. When the plants are mature enough, they flower – and those flowers are pollinated simply by the wind. As the fruit begins to grow, Bob stakes the plants to keep them off the ground. And he stays vigilant for
fungus and insects that could easily wipe out his crop. A crack as tiny as this could let rain seep in and bacteria grow, quickly causing the pepper to rot. But it’s about way more than just keeping these peppers alive. Bob has to
satisfy our demand for cosmetically ‘perfect’ peppers. (Bob): This is one that was jammed in tight, and it’s misshapen. You couldn’t put that in on the grocery
store shelf… (Nicole): That’s a beautiful pepper (Bob): It’s not the perfect shape…This is cosmetically perfect…it’s a number one…this one is not… (Bob): More often than not, it ends up getting disposed back on the ground. Consumers would be surprised by the amount of waste or sort-outs that you have…and not only in pepper, but in all crops. When the peppers are 80% red, harvesters
carefully break the stems by hand. The peppers will finish coloring by the time they hit store shelves, a couple days later. This harvest crew spends hours with their backs bent over the peppers. When they’re done, they move with impressive speed and unison to gather all the buckets. This, is the very definition of teamwork. Any peppers that are misshapen, go to processors who cut them up. Bob earns seven times less for these still perfectly delicious peppers. As winter moves in, the late season harvest is usually Bob’s best. He says a touch of cold weather actually sweetens his crop, and since we now know that most of America’s red peppers are grown in
warm climates, that means these peppers just might be the country’s sweetest. Wait – have you subscribed yet? Don’t leave until you subscribe – click that button! Is it here? Is it here? Or is it here? Click
it…click it.

100 thoughts on “BELL PEPPER | How Does it Grow?

  1. I love to see my mexican country fellas working hard in almost all your videos. A great contribution to America’s food industry.

  2. I just discovered your series today and each episode is the most information packed 5 minutes on YouTube!!! I'm almost done binging the series. Please keep up the awesome work! Cheers.

  3. I don't think that actually grows to trash. I believe most of the unshape peppers goes to fast food chain market like subway. Since I used to work at subway we used to get all unshape peppers.

  4. I was curious about actual Bell pepper prices in New Jersey. I found a PDF of 2003 crop profile on Bell peppers grown in New Jersey. I learned something new to pass on to ya'all.

  5. I don't see any "Americans" out there in the heat of the sun with their backs bent over picking these peppers. I am wondering how those Americans who are crying immigrants taking "their" jobs expect to get their perfectly shaped red peppers. Farmers can be smart in how to grow this food but if there are one to harvest they would stay on the trees and perish. So these farmers are smart to get hard working people to reap their crop.

  6. Well, there's a small lie in this video. The misshaped peppers can be diced up, sliced up, put in a jar and prepared as a 'winterized' item or product. They don't necessarily have to go back into the ground, but I understand the implied and intentional drama added to it.
    Of course, there are added costs to it, and it depends on the farmer to do something about it. It's of course cheaper to throw it back into the ground.

    I buy all kinds of bell peppers when I go groceries shopping, either in raw form (they sure look pretty to look at), in jars (as winterized, they are mostly lightly fried) and boiled/baked but preserved in some sort of juice (maybe oil and vinegar) ready to be put in a plastic container to take home.
    It should be illegal to waste any kind of food. Either donate it, or make it so cheap (before it expires) that anyone can afford to purchase it. There are people that go hungry in this country and all over the world. The EU, UN, etc should have a very strict law in place for this! Punish the farmers that don't comply.

  7. 'Waste' ?! Can they not go into sauces, ready meals etc?! Edit: oh ok I guess they do. This video made me realise I don't know which country my peppers come from.

  8. We need to thank those seasonal migrant farm helpers / harvesters. Without them the food wouldn't get to the stores and the prices would be so much more expensive.

  9. This is a great opportunity for bargain hunters. We can buy the slightly blemished food at a vastly discounted rate at the farm gate…with a little haggling. NICE tip!

  10. I'd buy that pepper! The perfect ones are weird. I don't eat bell peppers all that much, they don't seem to like me. But still.

  11. “You have to be in on it not for the here and now. You have to think longer term and the next generation. Many farmers are fertilizing their crops daily, weekly or through the irrigation system and it’s almost as if the crop is treated like a junkie on cocaine. We’re letting the soil feed the crop. You wanna leave the land in better condition than when you took it on.” I love Bob! Wish more farmers think this way!

  12. I'm keeping my mouth shut from this point on in regards to the price, and just pay when I buy this deliciousness . . Kudos to them hard workers and farmer!

  13. If you are getting 7 times less for some of your peppers try this: 1. Setup an area to process the seeds for reuse/sale. 2. Can them yourself and sell as organic. Thanks for using leaf mulch instead of chemicals!

  14. Note: you probably have a lot of retired people and unemployed who you could tap to do the processing work if they could sit down and work at a table.

  15. Please do an episode about lazy spoiled left wing Antifa terrorists working the farms picking peppers and fruits

  16. This reminds me of one of the largest grocery store here in australia. They sell cosmetically imprefect vegetables ( called odd bunch) to reduce food waste.

  17. So? If leave compound provides rich, organic nutrients to the soil…why the heck do I need to rake my backyard for?!

  18. I have noticed that all peppers are perfect. The ones growing in the fall of the year are the best. Less stress from heat and they taste better.

  19. 3:42 that must not be true about where my grocery store gets its bell peppers cause the red ones look really misshapen and really weird but i still eat them cause the taste the same.

  20. Nice I grow my peppers too natural ly at least 7 8 trees nice keep up the good work bob u too pretty lady

  21. They need to give consumers a chance to buy the mishaped stuff. Why waste it. I'd buy it they're just fine.

  22. There is so much food shortage that I think they should supply them to different stores to stop food wastage

  23. Give me those ugly peppers any day of the week. You know how expensive “perfectly cosmetic” peppers are here in Canada?

  24. Someone need to open a grocery store called “Uglys” they need to sell all the imperfect produce for a discount

  25. Already subscribed.
    But now I have FOMO. I eat locally sourced food. Im here in Louisiana eating the less sweet peppers. 😭🤤

  26. I would still buy the ones that are not perfect for the supermarket….a pepper is a pepper if you are hungry

  27. The Odd Bunch is an initiative which is the first of its kind in New Zealand to help cut food waste, use more produce from local growers and make healthy food more affordable. … The price of The Odd Bunch produce will vary depending on seasonal price fluctuations and stock availability. Also Woolworths Australia, I always look at the selection offered here first. The US needs to do this too.

  28. Hey America, who is picking and shipping all your wonderful fruits and veggies? Yeah, it's immigrants. Be grateful that you can afford to buy and eat this stuff because of their hard work.

  29. Once you cut them off you will never see again that cosmetic beauty ever!! Mr. Bob can sell it for half price them to the normal looking pepper to the super markets and still makes money of it. Such a hard work and critical farming industry is.

  30. These videos took me closer to the food that I take for granted everyday and made me appreciate the humans behind it. Thank you.

  31. People prefer natural products. Perfect vegetables, perfect in appearance are not natural. For crooked, wrinkled vegetables, people pay five times more at the bazaar because they believe they are natural, bio etc. This is a paradox.

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