11.2 – Three Sisters Agriculture

11.2 – Three Sisters Agriculture


Hi again, I’m Sky Morgan and it’s time for another Now You Know Nebraska! (music) Native tribes of the plains utilized agriculture just like our farmers do here today. But the farming wasn’t as widespread. Agriculture was more common near bodies of water, where the soil was more moist and rich with nutrients. The most effective and innovative method for many of the plains native tribes was called “Three Sisters Agriculture”. The three sisters referred to the 3 staple foods of the native diet- corn, beans and squash. The real innovation of the three sisters was the idea of companion planting, where one plant helped the others grow and flourish. The corn provided a structure for the beans to climb, eliminating the need to use poles. The beans provided nitrogen for the soil, which the other plants used. While the squash was spread across the ground, blocking the sunlight, and preventing weeds from growing. Together, the three sisters provided the carbohydrates, fatty acids and amino acids that allowed most tribes to survive and thrive on a plant-based diet. Thanks for joining me today on Now You Know Nebraska! (music)

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